Cyst, to most people, is often associated with cancer, tumor, and deadly masses. It conjures images of people undergoing chemotherapy and looking really frail.
Though there is truth to this, it is by far not always the case. It is not something to be terrified about as fear can only cause undue stress when in fact there are ways for you to address it.
Misinformation, or the lack of it, is one of the reasons for the fear.
Ovarian cysts are not uncommon occurrences in women . Those who still have their monthly menstrual cycles and are in their childbearing years may develop these. Knowing the causes of ovarian cyst will shed some light on this condition, help allay fears that may arise, and thwart serious problems that come along with it.
Ovarian cyst overview
During a woman’s monthly menstrual cycle, an egg grows inside a tiny sac called a follicle located inside the ovary. Once the egg becomes mature, the sac breaks open and the tiny egg is released. It then makes its way down the fallopian tube to the uterus to potentially be fertilized. After the egg is released, the follicle dissolves. This entire cycle is called ovulation.
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pocket-like structures that form on the surface or inside the ovary. These occur as a normal part of ovulation and majority of ovarian cysts disappear without treatment over a series of weeks or within a few months. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless.
What causes ovarian cyst?
As previously mentioned, each month, ovaries grow follicles which are cyst-like structures that contain the egg. When these follicles just keep growing they become what are known as functional cysts. There are two types of these:
Follicular cysts form when the follicle does not rupture to release the egg but continues to grow. Cysts can contain blood from leakage of blood into the egg sac. Follicular cysts resolve spontaneously within 1-3 months.
Corpus luteum cyst, on the other hand, form when the egg does actually get released from the follicle but the escape opening seals off and fluid builds up inside the follicle causing the corpus luteum to expand. Corpus luteum is the term used to refer to the ruptured follicle that prepares for conception by producing large quantities of female hormones.
The corpus luteum that continues to expand can grow up to the size of a baseball. This type of cyst are the most likely to rupture or twist. This can also cause complications when they rupture because they bleed into themselves.
Taking the fertility drug clomiphene to induce ovulation increases the risk of this type of cyst to form after ovulation.
Both types of functional cysts are usually harmless, painless, and go away within two or three menstrual cycles.
There are other types of ovarian cysts are not related to the normal function of the menstrual cycle and are much less common. These are:
Endometriomas affects women who have endometriosis, a condition in which cells that normally grow inside as a lining of the uterus instead grows in other locations such as the ovaries. This can be very painful and can affect fertility.
Cystadenomas are cysts that form out of cells on the surface of the ovary. They are often fluid-filled.
Dermoid cysts are cysts that contain tissue similar to that in other parts of the body. That includes skin, hair, and teeth.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the condition in which the eggs and the follicles are not released from the ovaries and instead form multiple cysts. It is associated with a number of hormonal problems and is the most common cause of infertility in women.
Obesity is linked to PCOS as half of the women with this condition are obese. Women with PCOS are often found with high levels of insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar. Genetic factors also contribute to its development as PCOS is also known to run in families.
Having ovarian cysts in the past increases the chances of having another. Other factors that may contribute to the formation of ovarian cysts are:
- Early onset of menstruation (11 years old and below)
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Hormonal imbalances— high levels of androgen and low levels of progesterone, the female hormone necessary for egg release
- “Apple-shaped” body (an overweight condition where excess fat is relatively high on the torso Fertility drugs
Who can be affected by it?
For women who are in their 40’s or younger and have regular menstrual periods most ovarian masses are the common type which is the functional ovarian cyst. However, women who are past menopause or are between 50-70 years old with ovarian cysts have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer.
Aside from age, there are also several risk factors for ovarian cancer namely: smoking, obesity, not having children or not breastfeeding, taking fertility drugs, hormone replacement therapy, family or personal history of ovarian, breast, or colorectal cancer.
Though there are conventional methods to treat ovarian cysts, there are also non-traditional methods that have been tried and tested. Such method is the Ovarian Cyst Miracle by Carol Foster which has been proven to be effective. The steps presented can easily be assimilated in day to day activities and can also improve overall health.
If you suspect yourself to have or are already diagnosed with ovarian cyst, try the Ovarian Cyst Miracle and be guided on how to successfully remedy this and so live a healthier and more stress-free life.